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Vol 23, No 3, Article 8, PDF

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Single-Case Design Review and Meta-Analysis for Supporting the Method of Transactional Analysis towards Recognition as an Empirically Supported Treatment for Depression: by Enrico Benelli & Mariavittoria Zanchetta

Abstract: Common Mental Disorders represent a severe burden for a country’s health, society and economy. Several psychotherapies have shown their efficacy in treating such common mental disorders using randomized clinical trials (RCT). Psychotherapies that are not supported by this sort of research evidence are disenfranchised and marginalized. A way to obtain recognition as an ‘Empirically Supported Treatment’ relies on systematic replication of single-case designs and on the aggregation of results through a meta-analysis. The purpose of this meta-analytic review was to synthesize the single-case research on Transactional Analysis (TA) treatment for depression. Specifically, the effect of TA treatment for depression was examined in 11 studies, published between 2012 and 2017. Results indicated that, on average, TA psychotherapy for depression had a large effect on depressive symptoms: g = 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.29-1.50]. Implication for future research on such TA manualized treatments for specific Common Mental Disorders is discussed. 

Key Words: Transactional Analysis, Depressive disorders, Marginalized and Emerging Psychotherapy, Single-Case Meta-Analysis, Hermeneutic Single-Case Efficacy Design. 

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