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Vol 21, No 3, Article 07: PDF

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A Comparison of Learning Outcomes in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Existential Therapy: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: Anders Draeby Sørensen, Rosemary Lodge & Emmy Van Deurzen

Abstract: Objective: The objective of the study is to explore the understanding of the lived experience of the differences and similarities of the outcome of CBT and existential therapy and the ways in which it involves an enhancement of learning.
Participants: The study was comprised of one group of participants from CBT and one group of participants from Existential Therapy.
Method: The study takes the form of qualitative research and the specific research method is informal semi-structured interviews. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) is chosen for the study in order to gain a better understanding of the lived experience presented by the participants.
Results: The findings involved a common structure of six master themes in the two groups. The discussion facilitates a model of learning process and outcome and a model of learning framework.
Conclusions: The study points to the value of a learning perspective for the evaluation of outcomes in psychotherapy.
Key words: Existential therapy; Cognitive Behaviour Therapy; Learning outcome; Outcome research; IPA.

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