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Vol 20, No 3, Article 2: PDF

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‘Positive psychotherapy’ according to Seligman and ‘Positive Psychotherapy’ according to Peseschkian: A Comparison
Ewa DobiaƂa & Peter Winkler

Abstract: ‘Positive psychotherapy’ (Seligman, Rashid & Parks, 2006) is an upcoming new approach and spreading into dierent branches of psychiatry, psychology and psychotherapy. It evolved from Seligman’s Positive Psychology interventions. Both of these terms are used fairly interchangeably in the world of ‘Positive Psychology’ by researchers working in the eld of divisions and aspects of Clinical Psychology. e terminology of “Positive Psychotherapy” is also known in a dierent context as an intervention founded by Nossrat Peseschkian in 1977: thus this term designates two signicantly dierent approaches.
In other words, it can be stated that one single term has been used for two dierent methods. Eorts have been made by the World Association of Positive Psychotherapy (WAPP) towards the clinical branch of Positive Psychology to convince them to use a dierent term for their application in psychotherapy in order to have a better dierentiation, since the term Positive Psychotherapy has been used for decades by Peseschkian’s approach. However, no agreement has been achieved.
Nevertheless, Positive Psychotherapy is a scientic term, not a trademark. erefore, a better understanding of the terminology, backgrounds and specic approach features and qualities of this term could be helpful. e following article describes both approaches; dierentiates between them; shows their similarities as resource-oriented approaches; and indicates their capabilities in scientic work and possible cross-approach inspirations.
Keywords: Positive Psychotherapy, Positive Psychology Interventions, Positive Psychology, meta-theoretical approach, trans-cultural psychotherapy 

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