A FURTHER COLLECTION OF RECENT ENGLISH-LANGUAGE PSYCHOTHERAPY BOOK REVIEWS
Compiled under the direction of Jacqueline A. Carleton Ph.D. (and her interns) for the IJP (July, 2017).
Herbine-Blank, T., Kerpelman, D.M., & Sweezy, M. (2016). Intimacy from the Inside Out.
Watts, A. (2017). Psychotherapy East & West.
West, M. (2016). In the Darkest Places: Early relational trauma and borderline states of mind.
Maletic, V. & Raison, C.L. (2017). The New Mind-body Science of Depression.
Craske, M. (2017). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.
Herbine-Blank, T., Kerpelman, D.M.,
& Sweezy, M. (2016). Intimacy from the Inside Out: Courage and Compassion in Couple Therapy.
Reviewed by Rachel Baum, New York
Intimacy from the Inside Out (IFIO) by Toni
Herbine-Blank, Donna M. Kerpelman, and Martha Sweezy is geared toward
psychotherapists who are seeking an alternative method for practicing couples
therapy. IFIO therapy stems from Internal Family Systems therapy (IFS), a model
developed by Richard Schwartz in the 1980s as an approach to working with
individuals and families, and later expanded to include couples. IFIO is an
experiential model of couples therapy that applies the concepts of IFS to
intimate relationships as a “vehicle for the growth and healing of the couple
and the individual” (p. 14). IFIO couple’s therapy involves a two-step process of
planning for the predictable, universal issues that couples face and responding
skillfully to other unexpected factors. The goal of the therapist in IFIO is to
disengage from his/her own protective tendencies in order to respond to the
couple spontaneously and remain unattached to ideas about how things should
Couples entering IFIO therapy often
hold the two goals of feeling safe within their relationship and reestablishing
intimacy. The therapy is organized around three phases of treatment. The first
phase involves meeting the couple to inquire about hopes and goals, assess
their ability to accept differences in each other, and then offer a perspective
on the possibilities of treatment. In this initial session, the therapist
should determine any external constraints, pressures on one or both partners,
and any history of a serious breach of trust. It is crucial in the beginning to
develop an alternative to the pattern of operating from the fight-or-flight
response of the sympathetic nervous system or from the freeze response of the
parasympathetic nervous system.
Herbine-Blank and her co-authors
title the second phase of IFIO therapy “The Flow and Eddies of the Middle” to
reflect the non-linear process the therapy undergoes. This phase is meant to
challenge a couple’s entrenched protective tendencies and repeat new learning
that contradicts the couple’s old ideas about how to be safe within their
relationship. There are a myriad of ways in which this can be accomplished. For
example, identifying and tracking the couple’s negative cycles of interaction
enables the therapist to recognize unmet needs that are the true reason for
repetitive fights. Introducing new communication skills will allow the couple
to detach from entrenched schemas and promote listening to one’s core Self. In
the final phase of IFIO, Herbine-Blank discusses how to navigate conflict and
the ways couples can repair a ruptured relationship.
Herbine-Blank is specific in her
instructions and provides clear examples to make the process of IFIO effective
for both the therapist and the patients. She includes transcripts of couple’s
sessions to provide therapists with real-life examples of what they will be
facing in session and allows them to practice how to handle particular
situations. She also includes “Therapist Tips” throughout the transcripts to
provide concrete advice on how to approach certain topics and deal with
In addition to tips and transcripts,
the author also includes specific questions for the clients to answer as well
as useful exercises for the therapist to utilize. For example, in regard to
sexuality, some of the questions she includes are “When and from whom did you
learn about sex? How old were you when you became sexually interested? What
polarizations do you have now about sex?” (65-66). This provides the therapist
a starting point in how to approach certain subjects he/she may not be
comfortable with. She also includes exercises for the therapist to utilize in
session. In the same chapter, she recommends following the McCarthy model to
help low sex couples. This model includes identifying what gets in the way of
“becoming an intimate team” as well as discussing the risk of engaging in new
behaviors (p. 69). Providing concrete questions and exercises introduces the
therapist to the process of IFIO and allows them to figure out what techniques
work best for them.
Rather than just focusing on how to
work with the patients, Herbine-Blank also acknowledges the role of the
therapist in IFIO therapy. In order to navigate the complex situations that
arise during IFIO sessions, therapists must look inward to develop solid
internal connections and bring the same care and compassion to their struggles
that they provide to their patients. She also recognizes the role of
countertransference in the therapeutic process and indicates the importance of
identifying when patients evoke responses within the therapist and how to
handle these responses effectively.
While Herbine-Blank makes an effort
to describe novel terms throughout the chapters, she includes two appendices
and a glossary at the end to provide further knowledge on certain phrases and
examples. She dedicates the appendices to explaining the concepts of unblending
and unburdening, two significant ideas that are regularly utilized in IFIO
therapy. She describes unblending as the process of detaching from protective
factors within oneself and allowing one’s true feelings and beliefs to come
through without becoming overwhelming. Unburdening is the process of making
room for true self-love and compassion by letting go of “painful, extreme
beliefs that developed during difficult or traumatic experiences in the past”
(179). The glossary includes additional terms specific to IFIO therapy that
will be useful for therapists who are new to the process. Providing these
resources helps to eliminate confusion over ambiguous exercises or phrases that
a therapist new to IFIO may not initially comprehend.
In Intimacy from the Inside Out, Herbine-Blank and her co-authors
provide specific tools for therapists who are interested in engaging in a
supplementary method of couple’s therapy. The book specifically outlines the
IFIO therapeutic process as well as provides specific tips, models, and
questions so the therapist can transition into the practice seamlessly.
Herbine-Blank is thorough in her explanations and examples, making this book a
beneficial tool for therapists starting out with the IFIO approach to
Toni Herbine-Blank is a senior trainer for
the Center of Self-Leadership and the sole developer of Intimacy from the
Inside Out (IFIO). She runs trainings, retreats, and workshops on both methods
nationally and internationally. She also has her own psychotherapy practice in
Donna M. Kerpelman has been immersed in
Internal Family Systems (IFS) for more than ten years as a student, teacher,
and therapist. She has organized and facilitated several IFIO retreats for
couples in addition to assisting with IFIO trainings for couple therapists. She
also brings her knowledge of IFS and relationships to the legal world where she
represents children with lead poisoning.
Martha Sweezy is a clinical supervisor
at the Cambridge Health Alliance and a Lecturer in Psychiatry at Harvard
Medical School. She occasionally helps with IFS trainings as well as co-leads
workshops on the topic of shame. She has her own therapy and consultation
practice in Massachusetts.
Herbine-Blank, T., Kerpelman, D.M.,
& Sweezy, M. (2016). Intimacy from
the Inside Out. New York, NY. Routledge.
in Hardcover, Paperback, and eBook. 206 p.
Foreword, Appendix, Glossary, References,
Watts, A. (2017). Psychotherapy East & West.
by Rachel Baum, New York University.
In Psychotherapy East & West, Alan Watts attempts to bridge the
gap between Western psychological thought and Eastern ways of life. Originally
published in 1961, his goal was to provide an updated perspective on Western
versus Eastern psychological ideas and provoke thought and experimentation in
the reader. The 2017 reprinting of this classic instills new life into Watts’
argument that using psychotherapy without an understanding of Eastern
ideologies will fall short of helping one to reach a feeling of true
liberation. He posited that the groundbreaking insights of influential
psychologists such as Freud and Jung synthesized with the Eastern spiritual
philosophies of Buddhism, Taoism, Vedanta, and yoga could liberate people from
the internal struggles within themselves. However, he did not simply present
the parallels between Western psychotherapy and Eastern philosophy, but rather
addressed the differing methods of thought to spark intellectual inquiry.
Watts argues that traditional
Eastern ways of life have more in common with psychotherapy than it does with
Western religion and philosophy. He posited that psychoanalysis and depth
psychology are out of touch with the emerging research in the human sciences.
Rather than approaching psychotherapy from a strictly theoretical or scientific
state of mind, he utilizes ideas of Eastern philosophy to provide a new
perspective on how to approach the therapeutic process. While Western
psychology has largely been concerned with matters of the mind and the psyche,
Eastern philosophies have not categorized mind over matter or the body over the
soul. The ancient cultures of Asia are not as concerned with the physicality of
human existence but rather act as a critique of human culture and ways of life.
Watts believes Western psychology is
susceptible to becoming an “obedient tool” of society by transforming
unconscious drives into social respectability in a form of individual
brainwashing (p. 6). Psychotherapists who are truly concerned with helping the
individual must engage in a form of social criticism. It is impossible to do
this without taking into consideration the relationship that exists between
other people and the social institutions in which these relationships are
governed. Approaching psychotherapy from this perspective, the troubles from
which the patient seeks relief cease to be merely psychological, and Eastern
ways of liberation pick up from where Western psychology leaves off. Eastern
philosophies allow the patient to separate social conventions from reality and
his individual identity from the role society has forced upon him. This
alternative psychological model expands the therapeutic process for patients
who may not respond to the traditional psychotherapeutic methods.
In order to illustrate clearly the
relationship between Eastern ways of liberation and Western psychology, Watts
connects specific psychological theories to Eastern philosophies. For example,
he writes that a Chinese Buddhist text that states “He walks always by himself…
he pays no attention to others,” is suggestive of Reisman’s “inner-directed” or
Maslow’s “self-actualizing” personality (p. 5). He also references psychologists’
own musings of the relationship between Eastern and Western psychological
thought. He quotes Jung in writing “In my technique I have been unconsciously
led along the secret way which for centuries has been the preoccupation of the
best minds of the East” (p. 15). By connecting specific ideas found in Eastern
philosophies to Western psychology, the patient or psychotherapist achieves a
stronger understanding of the relationship between the two modes of thought and
how to apply these concepts to real-life situations.
While the ideas Watts discusses in
the book may have been groundbreaking at the time, in the past 50 years, there
has been an enormous amount of new knowledge surrounding neurology, biology,
sociology, religion, and spirituality. The emergence of these new ideas
provides better insight and a more current perspective on the relationship
between Western psychological thought and Eastern ways of liberation. While
many of the ideas discussed are still applicable in modern society, the
plethora of new knowledge that has been discovered in the past 50 years makes
the book outdated.
Additionally, there is also concern
regarding the remodeling of the core principles of Eastern philosophical
teachings into psychological terms. This reframing can conceal the true purpose
of the teachings and transform the path to enlightenment into an evaluation of
the limitations of the human condition. The true meaning in Eastern ways of
liberation is overcoming these limitations by breaking through into a different
dimension of thinking. By conflating these ideas with Western psychology, the
reader may not gather a strong understanding on either mode of thought and
confuse their therapeutic process.
With these critiques in mind, Psychotherapy East & West is a
worthwhile read for those interested in the foundations of the Eastern and
Western psychological conversation and the lived experience of this
relationship. Watts introduces the roots to the approaches of psychological
spirituality in an illuminating narrative that offers genuine insights of
Eastern philosophical texts and Western psychology. This book is a great
introduction to the connection between psychology and Eastern perspectives, and
used in conjunction with more current ideas, can provide the reader new ways of
approaching the therapeutic process.
Alan Watts was a British-born
American philosopher, writer, speaker, and counterculture hero, best known as
an interpreter of Asian philosophies for a Western audience. He wrote over 25
books and numerous articles weaving scientific knowledge into the teachings of
Western and Eastern religion and philosophy.
Watts, A. (2017). Psychotherapy East & West. Novato, CA: New World Library.
Available in hardcover, paperback, and eBook: pp. 208
Includes Preface and Bibliographical References
Rachel Baum (Reviewer) studies abnormal
psychology with a minor in child and adolescent mental health studies at New
York University. She has completed a psychiatric diagnostic evaluation for an
adolescent at the NYU Child Study Center as well as developed a school-wide
project to promote positive psychology on campus. In addition to reviewing books for the IJP, she writes reviews for Somatic Psychotherapy Today.
West, M. (2016). In the Darkest Places: Early relational trauma and borderline states of mind.
Reviewed by: Monica Spafford, New York University
In Into the Darkest Places: Early Relational Trauma and Borderline States
of Mind, Marcus West, a Jungian, takes a controversial stance re-declaring
early relational trauma as the root of psychological distress and analytic
thinking. West ultimately works to develop an integrative approach to trauma
analysis and therapy incorporating ideas from theorists like Freud and Jung who
prioritize internal reactions to trauma and Ferenczi and Bowlby who emphasize
real-world experiences. He suggests that our understanding of and analytic
approaches to trauma cannot be divorced from the experience itself or the
individual and internal responses; rather, we need to understand trauma via
both pathways, internal and external. Subsequently, using his integrative
approach West offers a nuanced understanding of borderline states of mind.
He suggests that theorists like
Freud, Jung, Klein, among others have not taken into account the ways in which
trauma is “embodied and embedded in the individual’s character structure”
(p. xviii). Put differently, they focus on an individual’s internal response to
trauma and not the real-world trauma. In doing so, West believes that these
theorists’ ultimate approach to explaining, understanding, and analyzing is
“largely divorced from” the trauma itself (xviii). For example, Freud focused
primarily on the unconscious, fantasy world not on actual experiences of
trauma. For Freud, what’s important is trauma due to internal conflict not
external forces; whether the trauma actually occurred in real life is a moot
point, all individuals experience the Oedipus complex. Klein and Jung take a
West advocates in favor of theorists
like Ferenczi, Bowlby, and Rosenfeld who focus on how real-world trauma becomes
embedded in an individual’s identity. However, West acknowledges the
limitations of these theorists and ultimately proposes an integrative approach.
He focuses on how an integrative approach can shed a new light on borderline
states of mind. West suggests that individuals with a borderline psychology
have incorporated the trauma into their identity, establishing beliefs such as
“‘people do not like me’” or “‘there is nothing to like, I am not a person’”
which disrupts ego-functioning and conflicts with their innate attachment needs
(p. 4). Simply put, this internalization of trauma not only disrupts an
individual’s ability to face reality but also obscures their sense of reality.
West proposes that trauma therapy should work through the most disruptive
aspects of trauma and is most successful when the analyst and the individual
face the trauma directly and work through the trauma complex.
By doing so, the individual will
gain an understanding of the traumatic experience and their internal reactions
to the experience. This will lead to the individual eventually accepting the
traumatic experience, often after re-experiencing and transference ultimately
allowing the individual to integrate the trauma into their identity. In turn,
the individual will maintain the trauma as a part of their identity but not
constantly be at war with it or let it define their entire identity.
West is not proposing that we look
at and treat each individual in the same way, forcing them all into one
discernable category or diagnosis. Rather, he suggests that by looking at each
individual’s distinct early relational traumatic experience(s) analysts are
acknowledging the individual behind the trauma and are simply seeking to
utilize methods which allow the individual to understand, accept, and integrate
the trauma into their identity. Hopefully, via an integrative approach
individuals who have experienced early relational trauma can move on in a
healthy way and lead fulfilling lives.
West questions well-known theories
and looks at trauma from an integrative perspective. He claims that early
relational trauma is the root of psychological distress and seeks to understand
trauma by piecing together a cornucopia of different theories and ideas. He
seeks to look at analytic theory, trauma theory, and relational theory
side-by-side, suggesting that the limitations of one can be explained by the
others. West explains “that psychoanalysis, Jungian analysis, and trauma
therapy need each other;” in other words, they go hand-in-hand when exploring
an individual’s state of mind (p. xx). Ultimately, West declares to be successful
the analyst must be willing and “prepared to accompany the patient ‘into the
darkest places’” (p. xviii).
Marcus West is a training analyst of
the Society of Analytical Psychology working in private practice in Sussex,
England. He is an editor of the Journal of Analytical Psychology and is chair
of Psychotherapy Sussex. He is a Jungian who specializes in a variety of topics
including but not limited to identity, narcissism, borderline phenomena,
trauma, envy, and dreams. In 2004, he was joint winner of the Michael Fordham
Prize, which is presented to the published paper that demonstrates the most
creative and original approach to clinical analytic thinking. He is also the
author of two other books: 'Feeling,
Being, and the Sense of Self -A New Perspective on Identity, Affect and
Narcissistic Disorders', published in 2007 and 'Understanding Dreams in Clinical Practice' published in 2011.
West, M. (2016). In the Darkest Places: Early relational trauma and borderline states of mind. London: Karnac Books.
Available in paperback and eBook: 334 pages.
Includes an introduction, references, and index.
Maletic, V. & Raison,
C.L. (2017). The New Mind-body Science of Depression.
by Monica Spafford, New York University
In an attempt to better understand
mental illness, psychiatrists have in the past looked at mental illness, via a
medical model. That is, they viewed mental illness as analogous to physical illness,
diagnosable based on strict, definitive criteria and treated accordingly. The
psychiatry “bible,” better known as the DSM V dictates the strict, definitive
criteria for diagnosing and treating mental illnesses; however, mental illness
is complex and rarely fits within these criterial boundaries. Mental health
clinicians have been slow to veer from the strict diagnostic schema in the DSM.
As a result, our understanding of mental illness, specifically depression is
rather insufficient. In The New Mind-Body
Science of Depression, Vladimir Maletic and Charles Raison claim that we
oversimplify major depression by looking at it as a discrete illness. As a
result, we overlook the significance of research that doesn’t support that
view. They suggest that the answers to many of our questions about major
depression can be found by analyzing and integrating information we already
have, but in the past ignored. They seek to map out how we came to view major
depression as a discrete illness and provide evidence against that view. By
doing so, they demonstrate that by sticking to misconceptions about mental
illness, we are oblivious to important information that can provide some of the
answers we’ve been searching for.
and Raison explain that in the early 1900s psychiatrists noticed a link between
mental illness and physical illness: two patients can both have major
depression but only have one symptom in common and have completely different
causal factors just like two patients for example who both have tuberculosis
but only have one symptom in common and completely different causal factors.
Therefore, illuminated by these commonalities psychiatrists sought to
understand mental illness as equivalent to physical illness instead of adopting
the more ambiguous, multifaceted explanations preferred by psychoanalysts.
Maletic and Raison argue in favor of a psychoanalytic understanding of major
depression, which presents major depression as a complex response to a failure
to adapt to the environment.
They supplement their argument with
evidence that suggests major depression is not a discrete illness. For example,
it violates Robins and Guze criteria for disease validity in that there is no
biological diagnostic test for major depression, which Maletic and Raison
suggest “is widely used as evidence that we don’t yet understand what causes
the disorder” (p. 16). In fact, we do know a lot about what causes the disorder
and the lack of a biological marker for major depression merely proves that
major depression is not a “discrete, unitary disease entity” (p. 16). Maletic and
Raison provide the more traditional explanation, which maintains that major
depression is caused by an interaction between genetic and environmental risk
factors; however, they extend this explanation by arguing that the causal factors
include more complex systems like the immune system,
hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and changes in brain structure and
At the end of the book, the authors
apply the knowledge they espouse to two different case studies, demonstrating
how an interdisciplinary approach can not only help us understand and explain a
patient’s symptoms but also lead us down the proper treatment path. They show
that mental illness exists on a continuum and is often comorbid; therefore,
looking at a patient’s condition via one lens and trying to fit a patient into
a discrete category almost guarantees something will be overlooked. By
analyzing and integrating neuroscientific, immunological, sociological,
anthropological, biological, psychoanalytic and psychiatric knowledge we can
strengthen our understanding of major depression and better predict the most
useful treatment for an individual patient: whether pharmacological therapy
will work better than psychotherapy or whether norepinephrine or dopamine-modulating
medications will work better than SSRI’s.
It is important to note that Maletic and
Raison do not claim to have all the answers; however, they suggest that through
an interdisciplinary approach we can move closer to finding the correct
treatment plan for each individual patient and shrink our margin of error. In The New Mind-Body Science of Depression,
they demonstrate how integrating research from various disciplines proves we
can’t take a strictly dichotomous approach to major depression and more importantly,
displays the breadth of scientific knowledge we have acquired. Through this
knowledge, we can explain some of the unexplainable aspects of major depression
and set a path for future scientific innovation. This book is a must-read for
even the most skeptical of mental health professionals because it will
revolutionize their understanding of major depression and mental illness
altogether and provide them with ample resources to better assist their
Maletic is a Clinical Professor
of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at the University of South Carolina School
of Medicine in Greenville. He is also a consulting associate in the Division of
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, at Duke University.
In 2013, he was the program chair for the US Psychiatric and Mental Health
Congress. Additionally, de has published two books and several articles.
Charles Raison is a professor at the
School of Human Ecology and the Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine
and Public Health at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the Director of
Clinical and Translational Research for Usona Institute and is Interim Director
of Research in Spiritual Health for Emory University Healthcare. He is
internationally recognized for his research on major depression and other
stress-related conditions. Additionally, he received the Pearl Memorial Award
from the Human Biology Association.
Maletic, V. & Raison,
Charles L. (2017). The New Mind-body Science of Depression. New York: W.W. Norton & Co
in Hardcover and eBook: 620 pages.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Spafford (Reviewer) studies Applied
Psychology at New York University and is set to graduate in May of 2018. She is
a Research Assistant for the INSIGHTS into Children’s Temperament research
study at NYU’s Institute of Human Development and Social Change testing the
efficacy of the INSIGHTS program, an evidence-based intervention that works to
support children’s social-emotional development and academic learning. In
addition to writing reviews for the IJP, she writes reviews for Somatic Psychotherapy
Craske, M. (2017). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.
by: Molly Wilder, New York University
Michelle Craske gives a straight
forward look into the past, present and future of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Within the first few pages, she begins by giving a succinct and general
overview of the theory behind CBT and its importance in successfully treating
patients. CBT helps you become aware of inaccurate
or negative thinking so you can view challenging situations more clearly and
respond to them in a more effective way. This therapy can be a very helpful
tool in treating mental health disorders, such as depression, post-traumatic
stress disorder (PTSD) or an eating disorder. But not everyone who benefits
from CBT has a mental health condition. It can be an effective tool to help
anyone learn how to better manage stressful life situations. Craske does
not miss a chance to define or explain a concept. This makes it much easier to
follow without a dictionary or DSM 5 in hand. Although some concepts may take a
bit longer to wrap your head around, the use of examples makes the content a
bit easier to swallow. In only about 200 pages the reader is placed in the role
of the therapist, soon able to recognize these negative patterns and behaviors.
This book is geared towards a narrow audience, ranging from those with a basic
understanding of theory in the field of psychology to seasoned practitioners
interested in understanding this approach.
It is important to keep
in mind that although a number of variations on the original theory have
developed over the decades, all types of cognitive—behavioral therapy are
unified by their foundation, reliance on the theory and science of behavior and
cognition, and problem-focused goals. Craske defines theory as “the compass
that allows psychotherapists to navigate the vast territory of clinical
practice (viii).” She explains the hallmark features of CBT as “a short-term,
problem-focused cognitive behavioral intervention using strategies (3)” that
are derived from these theories over time. In the next chapter Craske gives a
12 page condensed version of the origins and future direction of CBT. She looks
at the multiple ways in which clinicians may draw from their inclinations when
creating a treatment plan. She delves into the theories of Beck and Ellis’s
theory of Irrational Beliefs among others. She explores each of these theories,
their use, history and relation to CBT. For visual learners, the book also
provides figures to map out a few of these more complicated models.
In the next few chapters, Craske goes into the therapy process and the application of these models. She
describes how “without a guiding theory we might treat the symptom without
understanding the role of the individual' (p. viii). She emphasizes the importance
of the individual within society and the ways in which well-meaning practices
may actually harm or inhibit progress. In CBT, the therapist and the client
work together to identify unhelpful patterns of thinking and behavior.
Carefully constructed exercises are used to help clients evaluate and change
their thoughts and behaviors. Some aspects of treatment focus more on thoughts
and some aspects focus more on behaviors. If a client has difficulty
identifying and challenging negative thoughts, the therapist may focus on
addressing behaviors such as avoidance, withdrawal or poor social skills. On
the other hand, if such behaviors are not as noticeable, the therapist may
focus on challenging unrealistic thinking. CBT uses a number of different
techniques such as goal setting and identifying thoughts and behaviors as they
occur. Craske emphasizes that CBT should not be applied as a ‘cookie-cutter’
approach. The therapist must carefully assess the client’s motivations and how
to best approach them individually.
In combination with the DVD
paired with this edition of the book, individuals can watch the theory be
applied to practice with real live sessions. Sometimes descriptions are not
enough to fully comprehend these concepts and techniques. These short videos
can be incredibly useful for those who want a better understanding of these
theories when applied to real life.
From its theoretical origins to its current
potential, Craske defines the key concepts and techniques of Cognitive
Behavioral Therapy and creates a solid outline for those interested in using
this particular therapeutic treatment. She adds a summary at the end for those
readers who may not feel ready to dive so deep into the theories behind it all,
although the theories do help to better understand the practice. This book is
the perfect tool for graduate students studying theories of therapy and
counseling as well as practitioners interested in CBT.
Michelle Craske is currently a professor
in the Department of Psychology and Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral
Sciences, UCLA, and director of the UCLA Anxiety Disorders Behavioral Research
program. She received her PhD from the University of British Columbia in 1985.
She has published extensively in the area of fear and anxiety disorders. She
has written academic books on the topics of the etiology and treatment of
anxiety disorders, gender differences in anxiety, and translation from the
basic science of fear learning to the understanding and treating of phobias, in
addition to several self-help books and therapist guides.
Craske, M. (2017). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological
Paperback: p. 200.
Molly Wilder (Reviewer) is currently a Junior at
New York University Steinhardt studying Applied Psychology with a focus on