Abstract: This study assessed the
effectiveness of “quantum healing”, a method belonging to “energy psychology”
approaches. 123 patients from psychiatric, psychotherapeutic and orthopaedic
outpatient clinics who were on waiting lists randomised were randomised to
either one session of “quantum healing” or waiting. Patients presented with
various affective disorders, pain and somatoform disorders. Measures were Brief
Symptom Index (BSI), the general health question of the EQ5D, a well-known
German language well-being questionnaire, as well as an individualised scaling
method (MYMOP) before, immediately after treatment and 12 weeks later. The intervention lead to a significant
improvement of symptoms, well-being and general health perception compared to
pre-treatment and compared to controls. Between-group effect sizes ranged from
d=0.9-2.0, documenting strong and lasting effects. We conclude that “quantum
healing” constitutes an effective short-term therapy. The mechanisms, however,
remain opaque, and most likely it is a powerful method to induce self-healing
or placebo responses.
Key Words: Energy Psychology, Quantum
Healing, Randomised Controlled Study, Placebo, Affective Disorders
One review needed: very urgently; c. 6,354 words
the Relationships between Client-rated Alliances and Outcomes in a Naturalistic
Abstract: Two models of the relationship between client-rated outcome and working alliance
in a psychotherapy training context were tested on data from a sample of
Swedish outpatient clients (N = 247) in an attempt to determine whether
alliance influence the outcome or develop as an artifact of a previous outcome.
In the first model, the alliance is influenced by the outcome (O →A). In the
second model, the outcome is influenced by the alliance (A →O). WAI and OQ-45 were
used as measures of alliance and symptom level, and assessed at five time
points. Structural equation methodology (path analysis) was applied to estimate
total, direct, and indirect effects. The result provided support for the (A →O)
model, which was found to be stable in high- and low-quality alliance groups.
The results suggest that novices need to focus first on learning how to develop
the working alliance with the client and then on learning to use methodology
and techniques that reduce the clients’ symptoms.
Key Words: Alliance, psychotherapy outcome, WAI, OQ-45,
structural equation modeling
One review needed: very urgently : c. 5,186 words
(217) What Do They Really
Think? A Qualitative Study of Group CBT and Group Information and Support for
Abstract: This qualitative study explored service-users
views of factors facilitating recovery in two group therapy programs for
depression: cognitive behavior therapy (gCBT, n = 9) and information and
support (gIS, n = 7). The study
was nested within a controlled trial conducted in a secondary care, public
mental health service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with
participants. A thematic content analysis of
interview transcripts using both etic and emic codes showed that for participants
who had engaged in gCBT, treatment factors viewed as promoting recovery were
those central to the CBT theoretical model. Cognitive restructuring,
behavioural activation, relapse prevention, and to a lesser extent,
socialization into the CBT model, were seen as important for recovery.
Information and group support were seen as important for recovery in gIS.
Surprisingly, they were not viewed as important as cognitive restructuring and
behavior activation and change that gIS participants spontaneously engaged in,
despite not receiving skills training in these areas. The therapeutic alliance
and emotional and practical group support were identified as recovery-promoting
factors common to both therapeutic approaches. Factors outside therapy that
were viewed as affecting recovery included internal and external risk and
protective factors, as well as alternative therapies. Recovery was viewed as
involving improvements in emotion regulation, lifestyle, and physical symptoms.
Participants also gave constructive suggestions for improving gCBT and gIS.
group cognitive behavior therapy; information and support group therapy; change
interview; qualitative research.
2 reviews needed very urgently: c. 8,670 words
(222) Efficacy of Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy for Depressed University Students in Ghana
difficulties in the psychological, academic, and social realms (Pomerantz
& Rudolph, 2003) among the youth. The present study was to examine the efficacy of Rational-Emotive Behaviour
Therapy for 39 depressed students in the University of Cape Coast, Ghana. It was hypothesized that the REBT
Psychotherapy would have a positive impact on their depressive symptoms. Clients were taught the techniques of REBT and how to apply it in their life. The results showed a mean score of 27.18 and 12.69 on the pre-test and post-test respectfully. This means that
depression in pre-test was higher than
performance in post-test. Two dependent t-tests were conducted and the results from the t-test revealed a significant difference between
pre-test performance (M=27.18, SD=5.46) and post-test
performance (M=12.69, SD=4.12, t(38)=
16.293, p=.000 (2-tailed). This implies that the performance in pre-test is higher than the
performance in post-test. The findings
suggest that the REBT is an effective treatment and applicable for Ghanaian
Keywords: Depression, University students, Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy.
2 reviews needed: c. 3,650 words