A COLLECTION OF RECENT ENGLISH-LANGUAGE PSYCHOTHERAPY BOOK REVIEWS
Complied under the direction of Jacqueline A. Carleton Ph.D. for the IJP (May 2014).
Brandt, A. (2014). Mindful Anger: A Pathway to
Chudler, E. (2013). The Little Book of Neuroscience Haikus.
Cornell, A. W. (2013). Focusing in Clinical Practice: The Essence of Change.
Cozolino, L. (2014). The Neuroscience of Human Telationships: Attachment and the developing social brain.
Downing, K. (2008). Sensation Game: A Mindfulness Program for Self-Regulation..
Dryden, W. & Spurling, L. (2014). On Becoming a Psychotherapist.
Brandt, A. (2014). Mindful Anger: A Pathway to Emotional Freedom.
Reviewed by: Mona Zohny, Hunter College
[This book] is a self-help work book designed for clients with anger issues. The purpose of
this book is to teach clients how to become more self-aware regarding the
expression of anger. Andrea Brandt provides many tools that are designed to
allow readers to process and release anger mindfully.
The book consists of eleven chapters along
with an introduction and afterword. In the introduction, Brandt gives an
intimate account of her issues with anger and its consequences. She provides a
questionnaire for readers to determine if they are struggling with anger
Chapter One describes the manners in which
anger can manifest itself. While Brandt acknowledges that most people associate
anger with shouting and tantrums, she points out that “anger is still anger
even when it simmers instead of boiling over” (1). She then proceeds to
describe different anger styles such as the dumper/venter, the
withholder/suppressor, and those caught in between. She describes the sub-styles
of each category and provides anecdotes which help the reader distinguish
between them. The exercises at the end of the chapter are designed to allow the
readers to assess their anger style. Chapter Two discusses the effects of anger
on one’s emotional life. Many people are taught that anger is bad but Brandt
believes that this is due to the lack of distinction between the “emotion of
anger” and the “destructive behavior that follows” (22).
Chapter Three focuses on defining
mindfulness, “the state of mind in which we intentionally focus on ourselves in
the present” (37). The exercises provided are designed to teach readers how to
be mindful. Chapter Four focuses on mindfulness exercises that specifically
involve becoming aware of the sensations and emotions of anger. Chapter Five is about detecting the
triggers of anger such as unfair situations or feelings of disrespect or
disappointment, and learning to control the impulse that precedes anger
(whether it involves burying or discharging it). The exercises in the chapter
allow the reader to continue to explore their anger via a question-guided anger
Chapter Six discusses the way in which one’s
beliefs affects how s/he interprets a situation and responds to it. Brandt
explores the dangers of unrealistic expectations and making assumptions about a
present event “through memories of the past” (84). Brandt outlines different
types of faulty thinking and provides an exercise that promotes healthier
thoughts. Chapter Seven focuses on the effect of childhood experiences on one’s
current anger style. Children learn how to deal with their emotions through
observing and modeling the adults in their lives.
While Chapters One through Seven focus on
explaining anger as an emotion and sensation and allowing readers to become
self-aware, Chapter Eight explains the five steps involved in releasing anger
mindfully. These steps include: “getting [one’s] anger percolating”, “mov[ing
one’s] feelings out through writing”, “tell[ing one’s] story to another,
“find[ing one’s] new truth” and “perform[ing] a release ceremony”. Each step
contains a detailed set of instructions for both anger dumpers and anger
Chapters Nine through Eleven focus more on
interactions with other people. Chapter Nine is about learning how to forgive
and have gratitude. These acts can prevent unnecessary negative thoughts and
emotions. Chapter Ten and Eleven are about the effects of anger on
relationships and communication. Brandt suggests using mindfulness techniques
to connect with others. The afterword serves as a review of the topics
discusses and the techniques described throughout the book.
Anger' offers a framework for dealing with anger
problems. Brandt uses a warm and friendly tone and speaks from experience. She
provides many detailed scenarios in each section which aid in the understanding
of various anger problems. The exercises throughout each chapter reinforce
concepts that Brandt discusses. The tools provided allow clients to slow down
and understand their anger in order to deal with it in a healthy manner. This
will lead to improvement in many other aspects of the reader's life.
Brandt, A. (2014). Mindful Anger: A Pathway
to Emotional Freedom. New York: W.W. Norton & Co
Hardcover, Bibliographical references and
Keywords: acceptance and commitment therapy,
bulimia, eating disorders, self-help
Chudler, E. (2013). The Little Book of
Reviewed by: Mona Zohny, Hunter College
syllables - Tell the
brain’s intricacies - Neuropoetry"
Chudler’s The Little Book of Neuroscience
Haiku’s is a wonderful pocket-sized book of haiku poems that cover a range
of topics in neuroscience. This book takes an unconventional and playful
approach to a subject that is usually deemed to be difficult and complex by the
average person. It can be enjoyed by professionals in the field and anyone else
interested in learning some of the basics in neuroscience.
The book consists of three parts. Each part
contains poems about places, things and people, respectively. Each poem is
followed by a short paragraph that explains the concept described in the haiku.
Some poems are accompanied by illustrations by Diana Elisabeth Dube. The places
in Part One encompass specific areas in the brain and their functions. For
instance, the following poem describes the amygdala:
snakes, oh my - Almond-shaped
amygdala - Interpreting
Chudler then goes on to explain in the
paragraph below the poem that this structure is “located at the temporal lobe
of the brain” and that it is “important for memory of emotional responses,
including fear”. On the opposite page is a beautiful illustration of a cobra.
The “things” discussed in Part Two include
processes of the brain/nervous system, such as neurogenesis, conditions of the
brain/nervous system, chemicals that affect the nervous system and tools used
to assess the nervous system. The following poem is about the condition known
as brain freeze, also known as “sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia”:
mouth, skull base - Ate too
fast, ice cream headache - Upsetting
Chudler then explains that the “rapid cooling
may affect blood vessels, which change shape” and how that can activate nerve
fibers that cause pain.
The poems in Part Three are about famous
people in neuroscience who have made significant contributions to the field.
Some of these people are scientists, such as James Parkinson. Others are
patients whose conditions revealed new information about the brain, such as
Phineas Gage, who survived an accident in which his skull and prefrontal lobe
were impaled by a metal rod.
Chudler’s creative use of poetry as a medium
for explaining neuroscience makes The Little Book of Neuroscience Haikus a pleasure to read. His haikus are
clever and informative. The additional explanations that he provides make this
book suitable for a broader public audience.
Chudler, E. (2013). The Little Book of
Neuroscience Haikus. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Paperback: No bibliographical references or
Keywords: neuroscience, poetry, haikus
A. W. (2013). Focusing in Clinical Practice: The Essence of Change.
by Dawn Bhat, MA, MS, NCC
over three decades of teaching Focusing to clinicians, Ann Weiser Cornell has
created a new volume, Focusing in
Clinical Practice: The Essence of Change. In this book, Cornell describes
the Focusing process based on the original work of Eugene Gendlin. Focusing is
an experiential process that pays a special kind of attention to the body.
Focusing has become foundational in many somatically oriented psychotherapies,
including Somatic Experiencing, a trauma treatment method developed by Peter
Levine. In particular, it is the Focusing concept of the felt sense that is one of the most important contributions to the
field of somatic psychotherapy. The felt
sense is a freshly forming, whole, bodily sense of some life situation,
which is different from thought or emotion. A theme throughout Cornell’s new
work is that the greatest transformative power lies in accessing the felt sense.
sensing, as the essence of chance, is the take-home message repeatedly pointed
to throughout this volume. Though not a new finding – that accessing the felt
sense has great transformative power – Cornell gracefully and eloquently
articulates how Focusing works in a fresh, new way. Cornell traces the research
back to Gendlin’s early scientific investigations on Focusing in psychotherapy.
That research revealed that clients who referred to ongoing felt experiencing
in a fresh way during session tended to have more positive therapy outcomes
than those who merely talked about their problems and emotions. In addition,
Gendlin’s research had found that experiential contact from the initial session
was a predictor of successful psychotherapy. Experiencing is a directly felt, here and now
process of felt meaning. Implicit meaning is present along with an
interoception, the feeling of the body from the inside, to create the certain
kind of quality in experiencing. The
key here is that meaning is found in the experience of the felt sense. As this
experiencing occurs in the immediate present, it is possible for the newness of
things, possibilities and behaviors to happen, unfold and emerge. In clinical
practice, Cornell asserts that clients need therapeutic guidance to make
contact with this inner experiencing.
new book offers clinicians guidance to bring Focusing into the consulting
room. Cornell notes that the Six
Steps is only one way to Focus: clearing space, getting a felt sense, finding a
handle, resonating then handle, asking and receiving. Pausing to allow the
inner intention of asking enables the forming of a felt sense. In this process
there is a turning toward and bringing forward “something,” which is unclear
murky and vague. The formation brings life forward in a fresh, new, meaningful
with a basic understanding of the Focusing method, Cornell pays careful attention
to subtle differences among various theoretical concepts integral to
psychotherapy, including mindfulness, somatically oriented, relational,
acceptance and empathy, and insights from attachment theory and
self-regulation. Cornell suggests that Focusing encompasses some form of and
brings a somewhat difference perspective on these integral aspects of some
forms of psychotherapy. For example, Focusing contains mindful awareness, which
is cultivated by mindfulness training. Similarly, there is a non-judgmental
attitude and attentiveness to felt experiencing. Focusing incorporates
mindfulness but goes one step further in forming a felt sense from the same
optimal environment that mindfulness cultivates. The process of Focusing is
different from mindfulness because of the forming of and attending to a felt sense.
supports qualities of secure attachment, which, according to Cornell, involves
‘being with’ a felt sense or
emotional experience. As such, the inner relational process supports empathy turned
inward. Cornell helps clinicians understand the process of orienting to
Focusing moments, such as nurturing the spontaneous forming of felt senses
through what she calls the ‘empathic prompt.’ The self-in-presence is a quality
of self-attention, a kind of inner environment.
Focusing there is not only the forming of a felt-sense but also a working with
and facilitating a further, deeper inner process. Moving forward and starting
anew may be inhibited or blocked by defences such as intellectualizing,
resistance and the inner critic. Techniques to move past and beyond these
blockages are presented so clinicians can work with a wider range of clients.
Clinicians will learn how to integrate Focusing into their treatment programs.
However, clinicians can also benefit from Focusing as a therapist who Focuses
may also be more genuinely available and capable of doing self-care.
Cornell, Ann W. (2013). Focusing in Clinical
Practice: The Essence of Change.W.W. Norton & Co.
Hardcover. Includes references and index.
Key words: Focusing, somatic, psychotherapy, change
process, inner awareness, body
Cozolino, L. (2014). The neuroscience of human
relationships: Attachment and the developing social brain.
Reviewed by: Mona Zohny, Hunter College
In 2006, Louis Cozolino, a therapist and professor of psychology at the Pepperdine University, published the first
edition of his book The Neuroscience of Human Relationships. Since then,
the field of neuroscience has expanded immensely. As a result, Cozolino has
published a second edition, which contains much of the same content and more.
It follows the same format as the first edition while integrating contemporary
research with existing knowledge of the social brain. This book is designed for
psychotherapists, and any other professional interested in applying
neuroscience to their practice. In this book, Cozolino “interweave[s] science
and experience in an effort to expand our understanding of human
relationships”. He does so by focusing on the “flow of information between
individuals across the social synapse” (13).
The introduction begins by pointing out that
“humans exist within a paradox: we conceive of ourselves as individuals yet
spend our lives embedded in relationships that build, shape, and influence our
brains” (xiii). The rest of the book then focuses on explaining in great detail
how human interactions affect the brain, and vice versa. Cozolino explains the
concept of the “social synapse” which he defines as “the space between
us…filled with seen and unseen messages and the medium through which we are
combined into larger organisms such as families, tribes, societies, and the
human species as a whole” (xv). Each part consists of two to four chapters. At
the end of each chapter Cozolino provides a narrative, based on his experience
with clients, that serves to illustrate the concepts discussed throughout the
Part One consists of Chapters One and Two.
These chapters emphasize the importance of viewing the brain as a social organ.
Cozolino focuses on the evolution of the social brain as a method of survival.
He points out that, unlike many organisms that are born with skills they use
directly to survive, human babies “survive based on the abilities of their
caretakers to detect the needs and intentions of those around them” (7).
Part Two is made up of Chapters Three to
Five. In these chapters, Cozolino focuses on describing the various structures
and functions of the social brain. Labelled diagrams of the brain are provided
throughout the text. He discusses the development of the brain over the human
lifespan and describes the behaviors associated with the different levels of
development. Cozolino also explores the benefits of the lateralization of brain
functions across the right and left hemispheres in humans. He points out that
this specialization of hemispheres has led to an increase in “neural ‘real
estate’ for the development of new skills and abilities” (63).
Part Three contains Chapters Six through Ten.
These chapters focus on the social synapse especially in terms of primal forms
of communication such as instincts, reflexes, sights, sounds, and smells. He
starts by discussing the relationship between parent and child and how the
brains of both a newborn and mother are shaped by their interactions with one
another. Cozolino also explores the concept of love as a biochemical and social
process. In Chapter Ten, he emphasizes the importance of a healthy attachment
or bonding experience with one’s mother as an infant. He describes the
“transduction of interpersonal experience into biological structure” (151). He
points out that amygdala activation correlates with the level of attachment
insecurity in stressful situations. The brains of insecurely attached people,
for instance, have immature social engagement systems and as a result, resort
to the more primitive fight-or-flight system in relationships. However,
Cozolino presents the concept of attachment plasticity. Research suggests that
attachment in adults is a “malleable form of implicit memory” which is good
news for therapists treating patients with attachment issues (155).
Part Four, “I See You”, consists of Chapters
Eleven to Fourteen. These chapters cover various concepts related to the
relationship between social communication and vision such as gaze, facial
recognition, mirror neurons, resonance, attunement and empathy. In Chapter
Eleven, Cozolino addresses the importance of gaze in an evolutionary context.
He discusses the use of other people’s gaze to redirect our attention and
gather information from our environments as well as the preference for dilated
pupils, which are linked with empathy. Chapter Twelve focuses on the importance
of facial recognition and the brain structures and functions involved in this
process. He distinguishes between the visual and emotional component of
recognizing a familiar face when discussing the conditions of prosopagnosia
(the inability to recognize a face, while still getting the feeling of
familiarity) and Capgras syndrome (the feeling of unfamiliarity when seeing a
face one recognizes). Chapter Thirteen is about mirror neurons. Cozolino
focuses on the evolutionary benefits and addresses the brain structures
involved in the mirror neuron system. The discussion of mirror neurons
continues in Chapter Fourteen, which covers resonance, attunement and empathy
and the role that the brain, specifically the insula cortex, plays in these
In Part Five, Cozolino explores the effects
of both positive and negative relationships on physical and mental health.
Chapter Fifteen is about the regulation of the brain, as well as physiological
health by relationships. Cozolino presents statistics that show that people in
positive relationships fare better physically than single people. In addition,
the loss of a significant other increases the risk of developing health
problems. Negative relationships, specifically bullying, increase cortisol levels,
which can affect the functioning of the hippocampus. Chapter Sixteen is about early trauma. Cozolino begins this
discussion at the prenatal stage by addressing the effects of the mother’s
psychological state on the fetus. Maternal depression after birth may lead to
neglect, which affects the child’s neurological development. Research shows
that maternal behaviors may affect gene expression in their offspring. Cozolino
then discusses the neurological structures involved in the stress response.
Chapter Seventeen is about interpersonal trauma. Cozolino discusses
approach-avoidance behavior as a result of an incident that leads to feelings
of mistrust in a client. He addresses child abuse, neglect and shame. He talks
about the effect of “sustained stress” on the hippocampus. Damage to the
hippocampus affects explicit memory, which means that, while the amygdala will
store the implicit memory of a stressful event, the hippocampus may not be able
to and so the client may not be able to remember why s/he is afraid.
Part Six explores various disorders of the
social brain. Chapters Eighteen through Twenty-One discuss social phobia,
borderline personality disorder, psychopathy and autism, respectively. In each
chapter, Cozolino defines the features of each disorder and describes the
differences in brain structure and development in clients with these disorders.
Part Seven, “Social Neural Plasticity”,
consists of Chapters Twenty-Two to Twenty-Five. Chapter Twenty-Two is about the
development of the self and the theory of mind. In Chapter 23, Cozolino
describes the three messenger systems of neurons and compares them to the three
messenger systems of human interaction—hearing, touching and vision. He
discusses the importance of narratives in psychotherapy, since storytelling
involves the integration of many neural pathways. Cozolino lists several ways
that neuroscience can “advance the practice of psychotherapy”: the brain can be
impacted in many ways, a brain-based approach can aid in creating a common
rationale amongst professionals in determining a treatment for clients,
educating clients about their brains will “’depathologize’ their experience”
(396), the optimism and belief in plasticity may have healing benefits, using
storytelling as a way to modify memories, and understanding the effect of the
therapeutic relationship on positive change. It is evident in many of the narratives he tells throughout
the book that these are views and suggestions that he implements in his
practice as a therapist. Chapter Twenty-Four is about the importance of a
loving therapeutic relationship since a client enters the room with the
expectation that they will be treated as they are by others in their life. In
Chapter Twenty-Five, Cozolino addresses the concept of group mind. He discusses
the Japanese belief that mental health stems from the idea that a person must
be receiving and giving care to others. He suggests that our individualistic
values in the West are one of the reasons behind the higher incidence of mental
illness in our society.
The Neuroscience of Human Relationships is a fascinating and readable book that adequately covers the latest research
in neuroscience regarding the social brain. The narratives provided are helpful
in understanding the application of neuroscience in the clinical setting. The
reader will certainly come away with a “deeper appreciation of the complexity
and importance of our interactions with others, especially those closest to us”
Cozolino, L. (2014). The neuroscience of
human relationships: Attachment and the developing social brain. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Hardcover, Bibliographical references and
Keywords: attachment, developmental
psychology, neuroscience, interpersonal relations, social brain, social synapse
Downing, K. (2008). The Sensation
Game: A Mindfulness Program for Self-Regulation.
by: Rachel Vitale, New York University
The Sensation Game: A Mindfulness Program
for Self-Regulation is the combination of a children’s game, manual, and
poster, which together help players strengthen their sustainability for
self-regulation. Creator Kris Downing explains that self-regulation, the
ability to adjust emotional behavioral responses as needed, can be increased by
also increasing mind-body, or somatic awareness. The concept of the game was
derived from the work of Dr. Peter Levine and Maggie Kline and their Somatic
Experiencing approach to helping children, as described in their book Trauma through a Child’s Eye. Somatic
Experiencing is a body-centered approach to emotional healing, which naturally
builds greater self-regulation. This method teaches patients that trauma is not
in the event, but in the nervous system. The
Sensation Game uses this information to help treat children who have
suffered from significant trauma.
The Sensation Game focuses mainly on
making connections so that a player can become more present in his or her own
body, more aware of his or her surroundings, and feel safe and more in sync
with other people. The game’s activities give players a feel for their own
natural rhythms and encourage players to notice what feels comfortable for
them. Originally, the game was invented for individual children, but can now be
played with small groups of adults as well. Generally, players would gather
about a dozen objects from a selection and place them into the given pouch. These
objects range in shape, size, and texture. Some include marbles, rocks, and
shells. Then, players would begin compiling their sensation word lists by
taking turns pulling out a different object from the bag and writing down how
it feels, looks, etc. After all of the objects have been removed from the
pouch, players would review their sensation word lists and reflect on moments
when they may have felt “sharp” or “rough” on the inside. At this point it is
up to the instructor to explain the difference between physical and emotional
portion of the game, players can also take part in the Play Sensation Card Game. There are a lot more specific rules for
this part, but players simply choose a game card from the face down position
and have the option to act out whatever situation is written on the card, or if
this were between children, tell the adult to perform the activity. Players can
then choose a marble. Depending on the color of the marble players may be
assigned a different role, which will influence how they think about the
situation that was previously performed. At the end of the exercise players are
asked to reflect on how acting out the activity felt and how acting as the role
they were assigned influence their feelings. There are many other variations to
how this game can be played, some of which involve the poster.
The Sensation Game is great for
therapists to use on small group sessions, individual sessions, or even parents
with children who have suffered from a traumatic experience. It is a useful
tool to trauma treatment today that is continuing to produce positive
K. (2008). Sensation Game: A Mindfulness Program for Self-Regulation.
from http://www.sensationgame.com: TXu001664373).
Paperback: Does not include index.
Key words: mindfulness, self-regulation, sensation, somatic, stress,
Dryden, W. & Spurling, L. (2014). On Becoming a
Reviewed by: Mona Zohny, Hunter College
In 1987, Dryden and Spurling contacted
several psychotherapists in the US and UK from various theoretical backgrounds
who were at different stages in their careers to contribute an autobiographical
essay to their book, On Becoming a Psychotherapist. The purpose of the
book was to provide a space for psychotherapists to shed light on their
profession. 25 years later, the editors have released a classic edition that
includes the same content along with an introduction in which the original
contributors reflect on the chapter that they wrote. This book is ideal for
established psychotherapists, those in training or people considering it at a
In the introduction, Dryden and Spurling
discuss the sentiments of the original contributors that they were able to
interview (four of the contributing therapists--Michael Mahoney, Irene
Bloomfield, Hans Strupp and Fay Fransella—have passed away) regarding their essays.
Some therapists felt that writing the chapter for this book was a very
therapeutic experience for them. Others expressed that writing this helped them
with future projects. A few admitted that, while they enjoyed the experience,
they haven’t gone back to their chapter since they had written it. One
psychotherapist also commented on the lack of racial diversity (all the
contributors were white) and the fact that the editors failed to provide
contributors from certain theoretical backgrounds, namely the psychoanalytic.
Part I of the book consists of a single
chapter, Chapter 1, which is written by the editors of the book. It explores
the idea, backed up by research, that there is “little differential
effectiveness in different approaches to psychotherapy” and so the focus has
turned towards trying to understand what makes individual therapists
successful. They briefly discuss the history of psychotherapy, the types of
characteristics that people suited for this profession have (such as empathy)
and the dangers of following a rigid therapeutic technique.
Part II is made up of chapters Two through
Eleven, which consist of the 10 intimate autobiographical essays written by the
contributing therapists. Each chapter follows a similar format mandated by the
editors. The authors explore why, how and when they became psychotherapists (in
three separate sections), what sustains them as therapists and the implications
of their essay for other psychotherapists. Most of the therapists do not have a
direct answer regarding why they became therapists and so they begin by
exploring their childhood. They discuss their personal conflicts growing up and
what they studied in college. Some knew right away they wanted to study
psychology and for others it was something they stumbled upon a little later in
their academic career. They each express their personal doubts about entering
the field and view becoming a therapist to be a continuous journey throughout
In Michael Mahoney‘s chapter, he explains the
doubt he felt about choosing a major in college. When he spoke to a counselor
for advice on whether he should become a writer or psychologist, Mahoney, who
had struggled with depression and anxiety, asked the counselor “what right do I
have to tell other people how to live their lives if I still struggle with my
own?” The counselor, Milton Erickson, replied “…some of the best football
coaches in this country have never played the game”. Even though therapists are
considered healers, they are still humans with their own problems and that’s
okay. While Mahoney did not understand Erickson’s “psyche-logic” back then, he
took it to mean that he should become a psychologist. Interestingly enough, he
eventually realized that he did not have to choose between the two careers; here
he was writing a chapter for a book.
Part III serves as a commentary. It consists
of two chapters. Chapter Thirteen is written by the editors. In this chapter,
Dryden and Spurling review the major themes that came up in many of the
therapist’s essays. They explore themes such as psychotherapy as a calling,
isolation, developing empathy, and the domain of an inner world and self in an
attempt to understand why these psychotherapists chose this career. They
discover that many of these therapists felt that psychotherapy was a “calling”
or that it was somehow predetermined.
For instance, Marcia Karp describes an almost magical instance in
college in which she sat at the library studying and noticed books written by
psychiatrist, Jacob Levy “perched innocently in front of [her] on a shelf…There
were thousands of books and [she] sat in front of those, not knowing that my
career lay on the shelf, asking to be discovered.” Many of the therapists, such as Brian Thorne, discussed the
powerful force of empathy and how it played a role in their decision to become
a therapist. Thorne writes that he
“simply experienced, with alarming frequency, the powerful sensation of knowing
what it felt like to be in someone’s skin”. Chapter Fourteen is written by John
C. Norcross and James D. Guy. In this chapter, Norcross and Guy discuss the
results of a survey that was distributed to the ten contributors. They also
examine prior research related to psychotherapy.
On Becoming a Psychotherapist
is a wonderful compilation of very intimate autobiographical essays that serves
to shed light on the worlds of therapists. It is a fascinating look into the
personal lives of psychotherapists. Psychotherapists that read this book may
feel inspired to write their own essay using the format provided by the editors
in the appendix of this book. This book has inspired more research in this area
upon its original publication in 1989.
Dryden, W. & Spurling, L. (2014). On Becoming
a Psychotherapist. New York: Routledge. 244 pp.
Paperback, Index included.
Keywords: mental health, psychotherapy,